12.318. Building inscription: restoration of building by ?Eusebes
- Two adjoining pieces making up a block from a white marble entablature (together W. c. 1.55 × H. 0.41 × D. 0.50).
- Inscribed on two of the three fasciae.
- l.1, 0.06-0.07; l.2, 0.055-0.06.
- Second century A.D. (lettering).
- Walls, East (south part): re-used on the inner face of the eastern stretch, north of the East Gate, near 12.301 & 12.305
- Original Location:
- Last recorded location:
- Findspot (1975)
- History of discovery:
- Recorded by the NYU expedition in 1975 (Walls 107)
- Text constituted from:
- Transcription (Reynolds); squeeze in Cambridge, Box 12, 44. This edition Reynolds (2007).
- 1 [·· ? ·· κ]αὶ τὰ ἐν αὐτοῖς πάντα stop Εὐσέ[?βης ·· ? ··]
- 2[·· ? ·· ?συν]ενεχθέντα καὶ συντριβέντα [·· ? ··]
- 1[ - - - ·]ΑΙΤΑΕΝΑΥΤΟΙΣΠΑΝΤΑ stop ΕΥΣΕ[··· - - - ]
- 2[ - - - ···]ΕΝΕΧΘΕΝΤΑΚΑΙΣΥΝΤΡΙΒΕΝΤΑ[ - - - ]
l. 1, the end of the line seems likely to have begun the name of the donor/dedicator as supplemented above; but it has been conjectured to have carried some other formula e.g. εὐσε[βως ·· ? ··]
[·· ? ··] and everything in (or on) them. Euse[?bes ·· ? ··] (son of ? ) made/gave them (e.g. the People) [·· ? ··] things having been ?brought together and ?crushed together [·· ? ··]
For the wording, cf. 4.308 (=A&R 55), (unpublished) (=Village 5). This fragment might come from the Sebasteion, although the lettering is not completely similar.
The formula in l. 1 recalls that of the inscriptions on a series of epistylia (12.405 etc.) but is certainly later in date. If Eus[ebes] is a name, its most notable Aphrodisian holder is the first century Eusebes son of Menandros 15.13 (=MAMA 489) and new texts; see 1.102; the name is likely to have continued in use in his family.
The meaning of l. 2 is open to question: it may be that the construction involved repair after earthquake damage (known to have occurred at Aphrodisias in the middle of the first century A.D., probably again under Trajan, and in the third century.